5G network explained. Spoiler: it is not harmful as conspiracy theorists claim

5G Technology

Last weekend, a video was shared on social media showing the Founder and President of Christ Embassy, Pastor Chris Oyakhilome, making a presentation on how 5G will power a new world order that will bring about a global government and economy. Citing the book of Revelations in the Bible, he stated that this is how the antichrist would come about. Senator Dino Melaye is another prominent Nigerian that has openly voiced his opinion against 5G citing it as harmful and evil.

Around the web on tech blogs and social media platforms you can also find many Nigerians voicing their opposition to the deployment of 5G in Nigeria citing safety concerns.

This article will try to provide an introduction to the 5G network and will debunk its myths. Citing research conducted by reputable international bodies, I will, hopefully, try to let you see that 5G is indeed safe contrary to the conspiracy theories found online.

What is 5G?
5G is the fifth generation mobile network after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks.

History of mobile networks
– First generation (1G) delivered analog voice service in the 1980s
– Second generation (2G) introduced digital voice in the 1990s
– Third generation (3G) brought mobile data in the early 2000s
– Fourth generation (4G) ushered in the era of mobile broadband in the 2010s

What 5G Connectivity Offers
– Faster download and upload speeds. Ideally, this should produce average download speeds of between 500Mbps and 1Gbps.
– Smoother streaming of online content
– Higher quality voice and video calls
– Low latency (reduced delay when sending a message from a sender to a receiver)
– More reliable mobile connections
– 5G is expected to provide the infrastructure needed to power Internet of Things technology, improving connectivity among IoT devices
– 5G will not phase out 4G technology, but will expand its capabilities

When is 5G coming?
5G networks have been deployed in the US, UK, Australia, Germany and in many other cities around the world.

Why are people opposing 5G?
An argument posed by anti-5G campaigners is that because 5G will require higher band frequencies and denser network architecture such as access points, it will amplify radiations. Claims have been made by the anti-5G campaigners that 5G weakens the immune system causing reduced fertility, disturbed sleep, depression, headaches and cancer.

Is 5G safe? What research shows
However, research shows that despite these claims 5G does not pose any health risks. For instance, Ofcom, the UK’s communications regulator, conducted electromagnetic field (EMF) emissions test at 16 5G cities across the U.K and found that emissions level at every site were a small fraction of the recommended levels set by the International Commission on Non‐Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), a body that assesses the health risks of radio broadcasts.

The radio waves used in 5G are low frequency and non-ionizing radiation

Like 3G and 4G, the radio waves used in 5G are low frequency and non-ionizing radiation. These are on the opposite end of the electromagnetic spectrum to ionizing radiation sources like X-rays, gamma rays, and ultraviolet rays.

Also, no scientific evidence has been found linking 5G to the spread of the coronavirus. Therefore, any statement on this matter that differs from this should be treated as a conspiracy theory.

Has 5G technology been deployed in Nigeria?
In 2019, MTN conducted a demo of 5G technology and its applications in Abuja, Calabar, and Lagos. The trial has since then been concluded and there has been no deployment of 5G technology in Nigeria. The Nigerian Communications Commission has stated that no 5G spectrum has been licensed to telecom operators in the country.

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About Fortune Chuku 90 Articles
Fortune Chuku is a Researcher and Storyteller. His interests include startups, technology ecosystems and technology adoption in emerging markets.